Type 2 diabetes is a life-long condition that requires daily upkeep to avert the risks. It is caused when poor insulin production leads to uncontrolled blood sugar levels. Overtime this can raise the risk of developing potentially fatal conditions such as heart disease and stroke. Despite the seriousness of the disease, it often slips under the radar as symptoms do not usually make people feel unwell.
There is one noticeable symptom, however.
People with type 2 diabetes may experience bouts of nausea and vomiting. Nausea describes the feeling of needing to be sick.
As Diabetes.co.uk explained: “When there is an issue that can affect the stomach or gastric system of their body, people can feel sick.
“Even if it is a fairly tenuous connection, such as angina affecting blood flow, the sufferer may still feel queasy.”
Both type 1 and type 2 diabetes can cause nausea or vomiting in several ways.
As Diabetes.co.uk explained, as the blood glucose levels rise and fall, the body’s metabolism can get interrupted and confused which can lead to a mixed feeling of nausea.
The body may not be able to move food from the stomach
“Low blood pressure often leads to dizzy spells which, for some people, can induce a feeling of nausea as the world appears to spin around them,” said the charity.
Vomiting and nausea can also be a side effect of certain diabetes drugs such as Metformin, noted the health site.
Another possible cause is due to neuropathy – a complication of diabetes.
As the health body explained: “The body may not be able to move food from the stomach or along the intestines. This can cause a back log of food, which can result in sickness.’
If people are experiencing recurrent episodes of nausea or vomiting, they should consult their doctor to get the issue resolved as soon as possible, advises the health site.
It also recommends a person keeps a diary to log nausea or vomiting bouts and what a person ate or were doing beforehand may help the doctor in determining the underlying cause of the nausea.
According to the NHS, other warning signs of type 2 diabetes include:
- Peeing more than usual, particularly at night
- Feeling thirsty all the time
- Feeling very tired
- Losing weight without trying to
- Itching around your penis or vagina, or repeatedly getting thrush
- Cuts or wounds taking longer to heal
- Blurred vision
The symptoms can come on slowly – it might be up to 10 years before a person finds out they have the disease.
That’s why it is critical to know the risk factors.
As the NHS explains, a person is more at risk if they:
- Are over 40 (or 25 for south Asian people)
- Have a close relative with diabetes (such as a parent, brother or sister)
- Are overweight or obese
- Are of south Asian, Chinese, African Caribbean or black African origin (even if they were born in the UK)
A previous history of high blood pressure also raises the risk, notes Diabetes UK.
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